Regarded as the second most important book to come out of Nazi Germany, Alfred Rosenberg’s Der Mythus des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts is a philosophical and political map which outlines the ideological background to the Nazi Party and maps out how that party viewed society, other races, social ordering, religion, art, aesthetics and the structure of the state.
The “Mythus” to which Rosenberg (who was also editor of the Nazi Party newspaper) refers was the concept of blood, which, according to the preface, “unchains the racial world-revolution.”
Rosenberg’s no-hold barred depiction of the history of Christianity earned it the accusation that it was anti-Christian, and that unjustified controversy overshadowed the most interesting sections of the book which deal with the world racial situation and the demand for racially homogenous states as the only method to preserve individual world cultures.
Rosenberg was hanged at Nuremberg on charges of “waging wars of aggression” even though he had never served in the military, and it is likely that he was hanged purely because of this book.
Book One: The Conflict of Values
Chapter I. Race and Race Soul
Chapter II. Love and Honour
Chapter III. Mysticism and Action
Book Two: Nature of Germanic Art
Chapter I. Racial Aesthetics
Chapter II. Will And Instinct
Chapter III. Personality And Style
Chapter IV. The Aesthetic Will
Book Three: The Coming Reich
Chapter I. Myth And Type
Chapter II. The State And The Sexes
Chapter III. Folk And State
Chapter IV. Nordic German Law
Chapter V. Church And School
Chapter VI. A New System Of State
Chapter VII. The Essential Unit